Do you want to speak Italian more easily and confidently by the end of 2018?
I believe that “commonly used phrases” are the key for how we can all build fluency in any language in a short time.
If we learn how to incorporate “commonly used phrases” when we speak Italian, we will be able to express ourselves more easily and quickly. We will be on our way to building complex sentences and speaking more like we do in our native language!
This post is the 13th in a series that originated in our Conversational Italian! Facebook group. Our group has had a chance to use these phrases. Now I am posting them on this blog for everyone to try!
Many “commonly used phrases” that will help us talk more easily describe
We will discuss the Italian expressions for our everyday experience:
Going shopping for… what we need
See below for how this works.
As we all master these phrases, so will you. Try my method and let me know how it works. What sentences will you create with these phrases?
Please reply. I’d love to hear from you! Or join our Conversational Italian! group discussion on Facebook.
This material was adapted from the Conversational Italian for Travelers textbook and reference books Just the Verbs and Just the Grammar
The rights to purchase the Conversational Italian for Travelers books in PDF format on two electronic devices can also be obtained at Learn Travel Italian.com.
Going Shopping in Italian
As noted in the first blog on the topic of the verb fare…
Many, many Italian expressions use the verb fare, which is most often translated as “to do” or “to make.” This short, simple verb comes up often in conversation.
In fact, the Italian verb fare has so many uses in Italian, many of which do not translate directly into English, that we must really learn to think in Italian to master the use of this verb. But, once mastered, speaking with these phrases will truly help one to sound like a native!
If you need a review on how to conjugate the verb fare, visit our first blog on this topic: Italian Phrases We Use EVERY Day! Fare (Part 1): What I am doing.
Now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, let’s learn how to describe the act of “shopping” in Italian!
While Americans use the simple phrase “go shopping,” for any shopping that they do, Italians often “go to do the shopping,” bringing into use the verb fare, with the expression “andare a fare la spesa.” This interesting expression, fare la spesa, refers only to grocery shopping. A phrase denoting the location of the shopping, such as “al supermercato,” which means, “at the supermarket” can be used to complete the sentence. In most cases, the place to obtain groceries is known by both speakers, and so the actual place is omitted.
If one is going to shop for non – grocery items, there are several phrases that can be used. “Fare spese” is similar to the phrase we have just learned for grocery shopping, but instead means “to go shopping for clothes, shoes, or other personal items,” usually in the piazza or shopping district in town known to the speakers.
Two phrases can be used for shopping in general, for any purchase: “fare compere” and “fare acquisti.” A very popular phrase in Italy today that can be used for any type of shopping is simply “fare shopping”!
Otherwise, to shop for a specific item, use “andare a comprare…” for, “I go/ I am going to buy…” and mention what you are going to buy; for instance, complete this phrase with the word vestiti for clothes.
Below are tables that summarize the above discussion.
|fare la spesa||to do the grocery shopping
to do some grocery shopping
|fare spese||to do the shopping
(clothes, shoes, or other personal items)
|fare compere||to do the shopping
(any purchase = la compera)
|fare acquisti||to do the shopping
(any purchase = l’acquisto)
|fare shopping||to do the shopping|
Below are some examples of what I would say to convey that I am going” shopping” in Italian.
Notice that the English translations are all basically the same, although in Italian it is possible to convey what type of shopping is being done by the phrase chosen.
Also, it is important to remember that the present tense in Italian can always “stand in” or be translated as, three different English present tense expressions. So, in this case, all of our shopping expressions can be translated as: I shop, I do shop, I am shopping.
|Faccio la spesa.||(I) do the (grocery) shopping.|
|Vado a fare la spesa.||(I) go/ am going to do the (grocery) shopping.|
|Faccio spese.||(I) do the shopping.|
|Vado a fare spese.||(I) go/ am going to do the shopping.|
|Faccio compere.||(I) do the shopping.|
|Vado a fare compere.||(I) go/ am going to do the shopping.|
|Faccio acquisti.||(I) go shopping.|
|Vado a fare acquisti.||(I) go/ am going to do the shopping.|
|Faccio shopping.||(I) do the shopping.|
|Vado a fare shopping.||(I) go/ am going to do the shopping.|
And finally, if you happen to be shopping for some wonderful Italian clothes in a small Italian shop, here are some useful expressions from our Conversational Italian for Travelers Just the Important Phrases book:
|Mi può mostrare…||Could you show me… (polite)|
|Mi fa vedere…||Could you show me… (polite)|
|Che taglia porta?||What size do you wear? (polite)|
|Porto la taglia…/Porto la…||I take the size…/I take the…|
|Qual’è la taglia italiana per la taglia dieci americana?||What is the Italian size for (the) size 10 American?|
|Mi provo…/Ti provi…||I try on (myself)…
You try on (yourself)… (familiar)
|Mi metto…/Ti metti…||I put on (myself)…
You put on (yourself)… (familiar)
|Mi metto…||I am trying on (myself)…
I am going to try on (myself)…
|Mi sta bene.||(It) looks good on me. (lit. stays well)|
|Ti sta bene.||(It) looks good on you. (lit. stays well)|
|Mi va bene.||(It) fits me well.|
|La/Lo prendo!||I’ll take it! (fem./masc. direct object for the thing you are buying)|
If you can learn to use the verb fare and these shopping expressions,
you will have really learned to think in Italian!
Remember these phrases, and I guarantee you will use them every day!
Stay tuned for even more blog posts on this topic!