Do you want to speak Italian more easily and confidently by the end of 2018?
I believe that “commonly used phrases” are the key for how we can all build fluency in any language in a short time.
If we learn how to incorporate “commonly used phrases” when we speak Italian, we will be able to express ourselves more easily and quickly. We will be on our way to building complex sentences and speaking more like we do in our native language!
This post is the 14th in a series that originated in our Conversational Italian! Facebook group. Our group has had a chance to use these phrases. Now I am posting them on this blog for everyone to try!
Many “commonly used phrases” that will help us talk more easily describe
“How is the weather?”
This will lead into:
“What was the weather like?”
See below for how this works.
As we all master these phrases, so will you. Try my method and let me know how it works. What sentences will you create with these phrases?
Please reply. I’d love to hear from you! Or join our Conversational Italian! group discussion on Facebook.
This material was adapted from the Conversational Italian for Travelers textbook and reference books Just the Verbs and Just the Grammar
The rights to purchase the Conversational Italian for Travelers books in PDF format on two electronic devices can also be obtained at Learn Travel Italian.com.
Fare (Part 3):
What is the Weather Doing ?
(English: How is the Weather?)
As noted in the first two blogs on the topic of the verb fare…
Many, many Italian expressions use the verb fare, which is most often translated as “to do” or “to make.” This short, simple verb comes up often in conversation.
In fact, the Italian verb fare has so many uses in Italian, many of which do not translate directly into English, that we must really learn to think in Italian to master the use of this verb. But, once mastered, speaking with these phrases will truly help one to sound like a native!
If you need a review on how to conjugate the verb fare, visit our first blog on this topic: Italian Phrases We Use EVERY Day! Fare (Part 1): What I am doing.
Now that we have the preliminaries out of the way, let’s learn how to describe what the weather is “doing” in Italian!
For a general assessment of the weather, Italians use the ever popular verb fare in the third person singular, which you will remember is fa. In English, the verb to be is used to directly refer to “it,” meaning “the weather,” and how “it” actually “is” outside. Instead, Italians speak of what weather “it” is making with the verb fa.
Below are some examples of how this works. Notice that in Italian the same word means both time and weather – il tempo.
Che tempo fa? What/How is the weather? (lit. What weather does it make?)
|Fa fresco.||It is cool.||(lit. It makes cool.)|
|Fa freddo.||It is cold.||(lit. It makes cold.)|
|Fa bel tempo.||It is nice weather.||(lit. It makes nice weather.)|
|It is nice/very nice out.||(lit. It makes nice/very nice weather.)|
|Fa brutto tempo.||It is bad weather.||(lit. It makes bad weather.)|
|Fa brutto.||It is bad outside.||(lit. It makes bad weather.)|
Of course, we may want to know how the weather was during a certain event or at a certain time. Maybe you’ve returned from Italy and want to describe how the weather was while in a certain town during your visit.
To talk about the weather in the past tense, we must return to our two well known past tense forms – the imperfetto and the passato prossimo.
The imperfetto third person singular form of fare, which is faceva, is the most commonly used form with our general expressions.
Of course, if we want to refer to a specific time frame, the passato prossimo third person singular form of fare, which is ha fatto, should be used.
Below are typical questions about the weather, this time in the past tense:
|Che tempo faceva?||What was the weather?||(lit. What weather did it make?)|
|Come era il tempo?||How was the weather?|
And our answers, depending on the situation…
|Faceva caldo.||It was hot.||(lit. It made heat.)|
|Ha fatto caldo tutto il giorno.||It was hot all day.|
|Faceva fresco.||It was cool.||(lit. It made cool.)|
|Ha fatto fresco ieri.||It was cool yesterday.|
|Faceva freddo.||It was cold.||(lit. It made cold.)|
|Ha fatto freddo quest’inverno.||It was cold all winter.|
|Faceva bel tempo.||It was nice weather.||(lit. It made nice weather.)|
|Faceva bello.||It was nice outside.||(lit. It made nice weather.)|
|Faceva brutto tempo.||It was bad weather.||(lit. It made bad weather.)|
|Faceva brutto tempo.||It was bad outside.||(lit. It made bad weather.)|
If you can learn to use the verb fare in these expressions that describe the weather,
you will have really learned to think in Italian!
Remember these phrases, and I guarantee you will use them every day!