Buon anno a tutti! How do you feel now that 2021 is upon us? For me, anticipation of the year ahead always brings with it a sense of hope. Hope that old problems can be solved. Hope that new achievements can be realized.
I believe that the hope most people feel with each new year springs from the opportunity to make a fresh start and to set new goals. And setting a goal is, of course, the first step one must take on the road to any destination.
Why not set a goal to learn Italian, starting today, for the year 2021?
Of course, a goal to learn Italian may not be as life-changing as a goal to find a lasting relationship or a fulfilling job. But, it has been shown in many studies that learning a new language can help us to set an intellectual and emotional foundation that will boost the enjoyment of our other endeavors. And Italian is one of the most commonly studied languages in the world, perhaps because the rewards of delving into the rich Italian language and culture are so great!
But I started this blog asking how you, the reader feel now. If you want to express your feelings in Italian, the verb stare is essential! This verb is a part of many commonly used phrases in Italian.
As I’ve said before in this blog series, I believe that “commonly used phrases” are the key for how we can all build fluency in any language in a short time.
If we learn how to incorporate “commonly used phrases” when we talk about how we feel in Italian with the verb stare, we will be able to communicate with the same complexity as we do in our native language!
This post is the 40th in a series of Italian phrases we have been trying out in our Conversational Italian! Facebook group. If you’d like to read the earlier posts in the series, “Italian Phrases We Use EVERY Day!” just click HERE
Many “commonly used phrases” in Italian
start with “I feel”
and use the verb
See below for how this works.
As we all master these phrases, so will you. Try my method and let me know how it works. What sentences will you create with this verb?
Please reply. I’d love to hear from you! Or join our Conversational Italian! group discussion on Facebook.
The basics of the Italian language are introduced in the Conversational Italian for Travelers textbook and reference books Just the Verbs and Just the Grammar
The rights to purchase the Conversational Italian for Travelers books in PDF format on two electronic devices can also be obtained at Learn Travel Italian.com.
Stare — to stay (to be)
The verb stare has an interesting history. Although the direct translation of stare is “to stay,” over the centuries stare has also taken on the meaning of “to be” with respect to one’s general health.
Stare is an–are verb that has an irregular root in the tu and loro forms. In the table below, the regular conjugations of stare are given in green and the irregular forms in brown, in order to make them easier to recognize. Stare is a verb that will truly be used every day, so each conjugation should be committed to memory.
Stare – to stay (to be)
|tu||stai||you (familiar) stay/(are)|
|sta||you (polite) stay/(are)
|voi||state||you all stay/(are)|
As most of us learn early on in our Italian studies, the familiar greeting, “How are you?” originates with the verb stare.
“Come stai?” is used with family and friends and “Come sta?” with acquaintances, and both mean, “How are you?”
In order to answer this common meeting and greeting question, let’s use our conjugations in the table above and describe in general if we are feeling well (bene) or badly/sick (male).
Stare bene – to feel well
|io||sto bene||I am well|
|tu||stai bene||you (familiar) are well|
|sta bene||you (polite) are well
she/he is well
|noi||stiamo bene||we are well|
|voi||state bene||you all are well|
|loro||stanno bene||they are well|
Stare male – to feel badly/sick
|io||sto male||I feel badly||I am sick|
|tu||stai male||you (familiar) feel badly||you (familiar) are sick|
|sta male||you (polite) feel badly
she/he feels badly
|you (polite) are sick
she/he is sick
|noi||stiamo male||we feel badly||we are sick|
|voi||state male||you all feel badly||you all are sick|
|loro||stanno male||they feel badly||they are sick|
If you would like to change-up your answer a bit, and be more descriptive about how you feel, of course there are many other options than simply “well” or “badly.” The phrases listed in the table below describe general feelings, from the best to the worst.
Note that not all of the replies to “Come stai?” or “Come sta?” use stare.
If you really want to speak like a native Italian, choose one of the “-issimo” endings for your reply, which are very common in spoken Italian today. Or, choose “non c’è male,” which many superstitious members of my family use so as not to be too happy about things and bring on bad luck!
Also, it should be mentioned that in informal situations, it is very common to substitute “Come va?” or “How’s it going?” for “Come stai?” In this case, a simple answer would be,“Va bene,” for “It’s going well/fine.”
|How are you? Familiar/Polite|
|Sto benissimo!||I am feeling great!
I am really well!
The best ever!
|Sto molto bene.||I am very well.|
|Sto bene.||I am well/fine.|
|Così, così.||So, so.|
|Non c’è male.||Not so badly.|
|Sto male.||I am feeling badly/sick.|
|Sto molto male.||I am feeling very badly.
I am very sick.
|Sto malissimo!||I am very feeling very badly.
I am really sick!
I am feeling the worst ever!
|Come va?||How’s it going?|
|Va bene.||It’s going well/fine/good/OK.|
To take this one step further, there is an important a part of the ritual of Italian greetings that should be followed. After stating how you feel, you should add a quick thanks and an inquiry into the the health of another.
For instance, “Sto bene, grazie. E tu?” or “E Lei?” for “I am well, thank you. And you? How are you?”
Or, if you know an individual’s family, it is considered polite to ask about them: “E la famiglia, come sta?” “And how is the family?
We can also use stare in many common expressions to tell someone else how we would like them to feel or even how to behave. In Italian, when we direct someone to do something, we must use the command form of a verb. For our purposes here, we will only discuss the familiar command forms of stare, which will be the same as the present tense tu and voi forms we have just reviewed. A negative command is given in the infinitive form in both English and Italian.
We can use stare to ask someone to remain calm (calmo), to be still (fermo), to be careful (attento), or to be silent (zitto). Remember to change the ending of each adjective to reflect the gender of the person who is being addressed.
A command is usually clear from the tone of voice when any language is spoken. In written English and Italian, a command is generally followed by an exclamation point.
|Stare calmo(a)(i,e)!||to be calm/to remain calm|
|Stare fermo(a)(i,e)!||to stay still/to keep still|
|Stare zitto(a)(i,e)!||to be silent/to be quiet|
|Stare attento(a)(i,e)!||to be careful/watchful/pay attention|
Some example sentences are given below. How many more can you think of from your daily life?
If you’d like, leave some examples in the comment section.
Annina, stai calma! Non piangere più!
Little Ann, calm down! Don’t cry any more.
Non muoverti! Stai fermo, Giovanni!
Don’t move (yourself)! Stay still, John!
Sono le undici di sera. Stai zitto! I miei genitori stanno dormendo.
It is 11 o’clock at night. Be quiet! My parents are sleeping.
State attenti quando scendete dal treno!
Be careful when you all get off the train!
By the way…
In order to ask someone to keep quiet in a rude way, or as we would say in English, “Shut up!” you can use the Italian expression,“Chiudi il becco!”
And if you want to use the expression “shut up” to mean, “You’ve got to be kidding me!” or “You don’t say!” there are several interjections to choose from in Italian: “Ma dai!” “Non mi dire!” or “Ma non mi dire!”
I guarantee you will use this verb every day!